Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
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Type 2 Diabetes

Has your weight started to creep up recently and unable to shed the extra pounds, no matter what you do? Are you exercising at least twice a week? Do you find that you are more thirsty or wanting to eat more lately? These are the three top indicators that you may have Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is a combination of nutritional and hormonal imbalances. According to the American Diabetes Association, 57 million people are pre-diabetic and do not know it, while 29.1 million people have already been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Detecting signs within the body prior to a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes can allow for prevention of this disease. It is believed that for 91% of individuals already diagnosed, changes in diet and lifestyle, may have avoided this disease.

Men and women are equally vulnerable to Type 2 diabetes. Non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian and Alaska Native adults are twice as likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than Non Hispanic White adults, however, everyone is at risk for developing diabetes (Type 2). Many other conditions, such as thyroid or gut issues, can also increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Chronic stress and long term dieting may also be contributing factors placing you at risk.

Type 2 diabetes, known as the “silent killer”, impacts the cardiovascular system which can lead to congestive heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. Other organs which are also affected include the bladder, skin, teeth, nervous system, and eyes.

We Can Help!

Our physicians at Holtorf Medical Group are trained to perform “cutting edge” testing which detects pre-diabetes 20 years earlier than standard blood tests. We also provide evidence base, highly integrated treatment options.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed very early in life as the pancreas is not producing insulin needed to control blood sugar and produce energy. This is known as juvenile onset diabetes and requires insulin to be given as our bodies cannot function without.

Type 2 diabetes develops later in life and referred to as adult onset diabetes. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, insulin is produced by the pancreas, yet the body has developed a resistance to the insulin reducing the production of energy to our cells, tissues, glands, and organs.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes may occur as a result of the diet and lifestyle choices made throughout our lives. Any co-existing condition affecting the body may place you at risk as well.

Type 2 diabetes can occur if adrenal imbalance is present creating a glucose intolerance. Decreased progesterone levels, which occur during menopause, can also affect insulin metabolism. It is also important to look at any family history of diabetes, abnormal cholesterol levels or central abdominal weight gain, which can indicate you may be at risk.

Your diet especially contributes to a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes. A diet consisting of simple sugars, such as flour, sugar or refined carbohydrates found in pasta will increase the cells’ resistance to insulin. Lack of exercise, chronic stress, and “yo-yo” dieting also places you at risk.

What are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Many symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight gain or drastic fluctuations
  • Bouts of fatigue
  • Numbness and tingling in fingers/hand
  • Skin disorders
  • Circulation issues which affects the feet
  • Slow healing wounds

How is Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed?

Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed by performing certain blood tests which measure the level of glucose within your bloodstream. Conventional doctors typically rely alone on the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in your blood, which does not reflect the whole picture of mitochondrial function at cellular level. TSH levels can only tell us that disease has already occurred.

It has been discovered that imbalances of free T3 and free T4, the active hormones responsible for the transportation of energy into cells, is diminished at cell level and reflected by testing the TSH level only. If there is not enough active thyroid function in the blood, metabolism of glucose is affected, decreasing energy delivery to your cells, tissues and glands. A clearer picture of cellular activity can be observed by obtaining T3, T4, and thyroid antibody levels in the blood before an elevated TSH detects a diagnosis Type 2 diabetes.

In assessing all levels of function, the detection of a pre-diabetic state may allow for diet and lifestyle changes to prevent Type 2 diabetes. Indication of other potential co-existing issues such as thyroid or digestive (gut) issues may also be detected.

Is Treatment Right for You?

At Holtorf Medical Group, many treatments are offered, depending upon results of specialized testing performed by our doctors. If previous testing has already determined a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes, you may be prescribed medication. Your doctor will discuss what treatment option is best for you. We focus primarily on dietary changes, lifestyle changes which may include supplements to lower blood level sugars. To learn more, please consult your doctor or call 877-508-1177 to speak with a patient representative.