What is Pre-menstrual Syndrome (PMS)?
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PMS (Pre-menstrual Syndrome)

Are you tired and irritable one to two weeks before your period? Do you feel bloated or crave chocolate during this time? Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) affects up to 80% of women, causing a variety of physical and psychological symptoms. The majority of women affected are in their childbearing years, with 20% to 30% of these women entering menopause. Symptoms appear just after ovulation and may last for two weeks, ending when menstruation occurs. The average length of PMS is approximately 6 days. Symptoms of PMS can be mild to severe. Severe symptoms may interfere with the ability to navigate daily activities, creating a miserable time for you and those close to you.

We Can Help!

Doctors at Holtorf Medical Group are specially trained to help alleviate your PMS symptoms, using safe and extremely effective treatments. Consult with your doctor or call (877) 508-1177 to speak with a patient representative.

What is PMS?

PMS symptoms appear during the ovulation phase of the menstrual cycle, lasting until the start of the menstrual period. Considered the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, meaning the latter part of the cycle, and directly linked to the symptoms of PMS. The corpus luteum follicle is left in the ovary after the egg is released during ovulation, and produces significant amounts of progesterone and estrogen, creating a hormonal surge responsible for PMS symptoms. If conception does not occur after ovulation, the corpus luteum then disintegrates.

What Causes PMS?

Hormone imbalance is directly linked to PMS symptoms, as observed in a study performed using pregnant and menopausal women. These women experienced a relief of PMS symptoms during these stages, lending to hormonal imbalance as the source of PMS.

Thyroid dysfunction can also be a huge contributing factor in premenstrual symptoms and should be evaluated. A low thyroid can decrease your body temperature, creating symptoms that mimic the same symptoms found in PMS. Low serotonin levels or undiagnosed depression has also been known to influence PMS symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of PMS?

Symptoms of PMS can vary from woman to woman. Some women experience only mild symptoms yet many can develop extreme symptoms. The most common symptoms are:

  • Feeling bloated
  • Headaches
  • Irritability
  • Food cravings
  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Tearfulness
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

How is PMS Diagnosed?

The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology defines any women who meet these criteria as having premenstrual syndrome:

  • Experiences symptoms during the two weeks prior to menstruation
  • The symptoms affect daily life activities
  • All other conditions be eliminated, which may cause these symptoms, such as thyroid disease, Chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, or irritable bowel syndrome

It is especially important to discover the cause of your PMS symptoms. Testing will be done to determine the source of symptoms, which may be related to hormonal imbalance or thyroid dysfunction, among other possible underlying causes.

Is Treatment Right for Me?

Doctors at Holtorf Medical Group are experts in treating the symptoms of PMS or other causes which may be creating these symptoms, with safe and extremely effective treatments.

Bioidentical hormones may be used to alleviate the symptoms of PMS when symptoms are due to hormonal imbalances or thyroid dysfunction. Supplements may be suggested to help alleviate the symptoms while treating the underlying condition.

Discuss with your doctor which treatment option may be right for you or call (877) 508-1177 to speak with a patient specialist.